What are Group A, B, C, and D Government Job Types

Types of Government Employees: What are Group A, B, C and D Government Jobs? 

As you are already aware, Government Jobs are the most sought after career option in India for most young job seekers. Government Jobs brings you several benefits which can make you lead your life happier and prosperous. Without any doubt, government jobs are the best career choice as per the majority of job seekers. All try to get Best Government Jobs in India for certain and assured career progression, good salary, job stability, job satisfaction etc.

Types of Government Job Employees
Types of Government Job Employees

Today, the Indian youth is attracted towards government jobs not only because of the authority they hold but also the challenges and targets they bring with them. In order to get into a government job, an individual needs to go through various competitive exams in which lakhs of people participate and fight for limited seats. If you too are looking for a career as a government employee, the first thing that you need to do is understand your prospects.

Various Types of Government Jobs and Employees

Many a time you heard the news that for the vacant posts of Peons, Lakhs of Post Graduates and PhD holders have applied OR Engineers are trying to get Clerical jobs in SBI and SSC MTS Recruitment. One it shows a shortage of government jobs, and second most important, lack of understanding of the type of Indian Government jobs.

Here we have tried to explain to you a breakdown of what the various groups in the government jobs mean and their pay scales.

The Indian central government or the Indian State government segregates the public employees into various group rankings and further, these groups are divided into various levels.

  1. Group - D and C : 7th CPC Pay Levels 1 - 5
  2. Group - B : 7th CPC Pay Level  6-9 (Non-Gazetted)
  3. Group - A : 7th CPC Pay Level 10 - 12 (Gazetted)
  4. Group - A : 7th CPC Pay Levels 13  -14 (Senior Level)
  5. HAG : 7th CPC Pay Levels 15-18 

Group - D  Employees

This is the bottom of the government job employees in India. Previously in the 6th pay commission pay scales, these groups of employees were in the pay band of Rs. 5200-20200 grade pay Rs. 1800.  Driver, Peon, Cleaner, Mali, Guard, Barber, Cook etc. are some of the Group-D or Class 4 government jobs in India.

Group - C Employee

This is the largest government employee or staff at the ground level. There are mostly supportive and non-supervisory jobs.  These employees in the government sector can be promoted to higher levels. , Staff Selection Commission (SSC) recruits for group-C government jobs. Individuals working at these positions do not hold any critical administrative positions. These candidates normally selected via the SSC (Staff Selection Commission) recruitment examinations for central government vacancies.

In the 6th pay commission, the government employees of these groups in the pay band of   Rs 5200 to 20200 with grade pays Rs. 1800 to Rs. 2800. The 7th pay Commission merged the Group - C and D so that they can come in the same pay band and put them in the pay level 1 - 5.   Now Basic Pay of Group-C employees starts from  Rs 18000  to Rs 29200.

Most of the government staff false in this category. Clerks, Multi Tasking Staff, Stenographers, Assistants, Typist, Telephone Operators, Primary Teachers, Havildar, Constables, Assistant Sub-Inspector,  Technician, Mechanic, Attendants, Lineman, Drivers, Electricians, Supervisors, Cashiers, Store Keeper, Chemist, Sanitary Inspector, etc. are some of the prominent government jobs in the group.

Group - B Employees

This is the biggest executive government job type. Most of the supervisory work is done by the employees of this group. Generally, government employees of Group-B are Non-Gazetted but some of the jobs are gazetted also.  The basic difference between the gazetted and non-gazetted employees of the government is that the former can authorise the issuance of official government stamps whereas, the latter cannot. The Gazetted officers have a more administrative role.  Staff Selection Commission (SSC) take recruitment examination to recruit vacancies for these groups. However, for some posts, UPSC and state PSC also recruit.

Some of the Group-B vacancies are of Gazetted nature. The authority of a Group - B gazetted officer is similar to that of a Group A officer. In order to start one’s career as a Group - B gazetted officer, one has to clear an exam of UPSC but most of these seats are filled through promotions. The officers in this group are appointed by the Department Heads of any government organisation. For instance: JCO (Junior Commissioned Officer) across The India Armed Forces and SCS (State Civil Services) to name a couple of positions under the Group - B.

In the 6th pay commission, most of the government employees of Group-B were in the pay band of  Rs. 9300 to Rs 34800 with grade pay from Rs. 4200 to Rs. 5400/-.  The 7th pay Commission has put them pay levels 6 - 9. The Basic pay of Group-B government employees has been between Rs. 34500 to Rs 53100.

This group is the backbone of government services. Preparation and Execution of most of the government action lie in the shoulder of this group of government employees only.  Sub-Inspectors, Inspector, Junior Engineers, TGT and PGT  School Teachers, Programmers, Technicians, Staff Nurse,   Translator, Jr. Officers, Technical Assistants, Physiotherapist, Accountants, Accounts Officer, Instructors, Section Officers, Counsellors,  etc. are some of the prominent government jobs in the group.

Group - A Employees (Officer)

Group-A is the Officer grade in government jobs. Group - A is ranked highest in terms of appointment and authority.  Job seekers who are appointed into this group are officials and are employed at various managerial positions across governments which are one of the highest available jobs.  Commissioned officers for the IAF/Navy/Army (Indian Armed Forces), AIS Officers (All India Services), Engineers, Bureaucrats, Scientists in the organisations like DRDO, ISRO, CSIR, BARC and Central India Civil Services (IAS, IRS, IPS, IFS, IRS, IRTS)

In the 6th pay commission, most of the government employees of Group-A were in the pay band of  Rs. 15600-39100 grade pay Rs.5400 to Rs. 7600 also in the pay band of Rs. 37400-67000 grade pay Rs. 8700 to Rs. 10000. Now 7th pay commission has put all the Group-A officers in the pay levels 10-14. All government officers recruited by Public Service Commissions in India start their career in the pay level of 10 and then get promoted to the various levels up to HAG levels if promoted.  For Scientists and Faculty vacancy posts, recruitment also takes place for the pay level from 10-13.


There are various types of government jobs in India in various pay levels. Before applying for a government job, a candidate needs to know all the details about Group A, B, C & D category of government jobs.

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  1. i want to be a n income tax officer which grade it have?

    1. Income Tax Officer is in Indian Revenue Service (IRS) is a Grade A Service. UPSC conduct Civil Service Exam every year for this.

  2. i want to become vehicle inspector which grade is it?

  3. I am Electronics engineering in which group I come ?what are the exams which I can apply?