National Education Policy 2020 effect on Government Jobs Recruitment

National Education Policy 2020
Picture courtesy Ministry of Education, GoI https://www.mhrd.gov.in

National Education Policy 2020 effect on Government Jobs - New National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 is out and has been cleared by the Union Cabinet. Earlier National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992.

NEP 2020 proposes sweeping changes in school and college education in India. This new National Education Policy 2020 will have some effects on the Government Jobs vacancy recruitment process also. 

This Policy proposes the revision and revamping of all aspects of the education structure, including its regulation and governance, to create a new system that is aligned with the aspirational goals of the 21st century education


Changes by National Education Policy 2020


Among many changes proposed, drastic change is the new NEP pitches for a “5+3+3+4” design corresponding to the age groups 3-8 years (foundational stage), 8-11 (preparatory), 11-14 (middle), and 14-18 (secondary). 

Now let us see what are some of the changes that will make some effect on government job recruitment.

  • The education system will be 5+3+3+4.
  • Phasing out of all institutions offering single streams and that all universities and colleges must aim to become multidisciplinary by 2040.
  • Four years of multi-disciplinary Bachelor's programme with an exit plan.
  • Under the four-year graduation programme proposed in the new NEP, students can exit after one year with a certificate, after two years with a diploma, and after three years with a bachelor’s degree.
  • The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor's programme, however, shall be the preferred option.
  • Students will be able to enter a research degree programme directly depending on how well he or she has performed, however, the Master's degree programme will continue as currently running.
  • Different designs for Post Graduation program by the educational institutions
  • Foreign universities from among the top 100 in the world will be able to set up campuses in India.


NEP 2020 Effect on Government Jobs Recruitment


As the new Education Policy 2020 proposes sweeping changes in the core education structure, it will have a drastic effect on the current government job recruitment process. 

#1. Teacher Recruitment

👉 To ensure that outstanding students enter the teaching profession - especially from rural areas - a large number of merit-based scholarships shall be instituted across the country for studying quality 4- year integrated B.Ed. programmes. 

In rural areas, special merit-based scholarships will be established that also includes preferential employment in their local areas upon successful completion of their B.Ed. programmes. Such scholarships will provide local job opportunities to local students, especially female students so that these students serve as local-area role models and as highly qualified teachers who speak the local language. 

Incentives will be provided for teachers to take up teaching jobs in rural areas, especially in areas that are currently facing an acute shortage of quality teachers. 

A key incentive for teaching in rural schools will be the provision of local housing near or on the school premises or increased housing allowances.

The harmful practice of excessive teacher transfers will be halted so that students have continuity in their role models and educational environments. Transfers will be conducted through an online computerised system that ensures transparency.

Teacher Eligibility Tests (TETs) will be strengthened to inculcate better test material, both in terms of content and pedagogy. The TETs will also be extended to cover teachers across all stages (Foundational, Preparatory, Middle and Secondary) of school education. 

For subject teachers, suitable TET or NTA test scores in the corresponding subjects will also be taken into account for recruitment.

A robust merit-based structure of tenure, promotion and salary structure will be developed, with multiple levels within each teacher stage, that incentivizes and recognizes outstanding teachers.

This means that in the implementation of NEP 2020, a large number of Teachers' vacancies for school education will be created.

For more detailed information, please read Chapter -  5 'Teachers'  on page 20 of the new National Education Policy 2020. Teacher vacancies will be filled at the earliest, in a time-bound manner - especially in disadvantaged areas and areas with large pupil-to-teacher ratios or high rates of illiteracy. Special attention will be given to employing local teachers or those with familiarity with local languages.


#2. Minimum  Qualification will change

👉 There are a number of educational qualifications required for various types of government job vacancies. For example, application for 10th/High School pass or Matriculation pass candidates is required for various government jobs like Gramin Dak Sevak, Constable Tradesman, multi-Tasking Staff (MTS), Office Attendant, Lower Division Clerk (LDC), Navik, Technician, etc. 

A similar case is with the government jobs where 12th pass/ Intermediate or Senior Secondary pass candidates are invited to apply for a particular vacancy. 

Since, in new NEP 2020, there will be a drastic change in the current school education and will be converted to a 5+3+3+4 pattern whereas 10th/High School pass and 12th pass/ Intermediate will be there but preference will be changed. 11th class qualification will become the most important qualification

Also, The National Skills Qualifications Framework will be detailed further for each discipline vocation, and profession. Further, Indian standards will be aligned with the International Standard Classification of Occupations maintained by the International Labour Organization. 

This Framework will provide the basis for Recognition of Prior Learning. Through this, dropouts from the formal system will be reintegrated by aligning their practical experience with the relevant level of the Framework. The credit-based Framework will also facilitate mobility across ‘general’ and vocational education.

In our opinion, all these things will lead to a change in the basic minim qualification for a large set of government vacancies and will change the recruitment pattern


#3. Promotion of Indian Languages

👉 In Higher Education Institutes and programmes in higher education, will use the mother tongue/local language as a medium of instruction, and/or offer programmes bilingually, in order to increase access  and also to promote the strength, usage, and vibrancy of all Indian languages

High-quality programmes and degrees in Translation and Interpretation, Art and Museum Administration, Archaeology, Artefact Conservation, Graphic Design, and Web Design within the higher education system will also be created. 

In order to preserve and promote its art and culture, develop high-quality materials in various Indian languages, conserve artefacts, develop highly qualified individuals to curate and run museums and heritage or tourist sites, thereby also vastly strengthening the tourism industry.

Thus this will create large government jobs based on the basic qualifications in Indian languages. Hitherto, the emphasis is on English language but NEP 2020 will shift focus to the selection of the suitable person well versed in Hindi/Indian languages in government jobs especially in central government. 

The recruitment examination patter may also be changed with the implementation of this aspect.

#4. Possible change in Age 


👉 With changes in the education system through NEP 2020 5+3+3+4 formula, the age of the candidates for various government jobs will changes. For example, in government recruitment, let's say Government Bank vacancy recruitment (Office Assistant (Clerical)/ Probationary Officer), the minimum educational qualification is Graduation from a recognised university. 

Now, for BA/B.Com./BBA/BCA and for so many other Degree courses the duration of the course will be 4 years but the candidates' age will not be affected because the degree programme will now start after 11th class only.  

But for the candidates already having 4-year degree courses (B.Tech./B.E. and so many other qualifications) will spend one year less as their course continue to be 4 years in new NEP 2020 and the candidates may appear for Government Bank recruitment exams one year earlier. 

There may be so many other cases where possibly some change in the age of candidates will be affected.

May recruitment exams like National Defence Academy (NDA), Army/Navy 10+2 Technical Entry etc. where a candidates is selected after 12th class and trained for 4 years, become technically qualified and then inducted will see the change and candidates will one year younger join.


Conclusion

There may be a large number of changes that will affect the government job vacancy recruitment process in India once the new NEP 2020 fully implemented by the target date of 2040. Age, qualification, exam patern, skill requirement etc. all will be affected.

View complete National Education Policy 2020 report by clicking on the link on Ministry o Education website.

Be ready for the changes. 

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